Typemental health centers of Mental IllnessPeople with these disorders suffer severe disturbances or changes in memory, consciousness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. These disorders usually are associated with overwhelming stress, which may be the result of traumatic events, accidents, or disasters that may be experienced or witnessed by the inidual. Dissociative identity disorder, formerly called multiple personality disorder, or split personality, and depersonalization disorder are examples of dissociative disorders.
A person with a somatic symptom disorder, formerly known as a psychosomatic disorder orsomatoform disorder, experiences physical symptoms of an illness or of pain with an excessive and disproportionate level of distress, regardless of whether or not a doctor can find a medical cause for the symptoms.
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Other, less common s of mental illnesses include
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People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or socialrelationships. In addition, the persons patterns of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society and are so rigid that they interfere with the persons normal functioning. Examples includeantisocial personality disorder, obsessivecompulsive personality disorder, andparanoid personality disorder.
These include disorders that affect ual desire, performance, and behavior. Sexual dysfunction, gender identity disorder, and the paraphilias are examples of ual and gender disorders.
People with tic disorders make sounds or nonpurposeful body movements that are repeated, quick, sudden, and/or uncontrollable. Sounds that are made involuntarily are called vocal tics.Tourettes syndromeis an example of a tic disorder.
Other diseases or conditions, including varioussleeprelated problems and many forms ofdementia, includingAlzheimers disease, are sometimes classified as mental illnesses, because they involve thebrain.
Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders arehallucinations the experience of s or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices anddelusions, which are lse fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary.Schizophreniais an example of a psychotic disorder.
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SOURCES American Psychological Association. American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry.
There are many different conditions that are recognized as mental illnesses. The more common s include
Eating disordersinvolve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involvingweightand food.Anorexia nervosabulimia nervosa, andbinge eating disorderare the most commoneating disorders.
Stress response syndromes formerly called adjustment disorders
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People withanxiety disordersrespond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or panic, such as a rapid heartbeat andsweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the persons response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders includegeneralized anxiety disorder, panic disorder,social anxiety disorder, and specificphobias.
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People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist urges, or impulses, to perform acts that could be harmful to themselves or others. Pyromania starting fires, kleptomania stealing, and compulsive gambling are examples of impulse control disorders. Alcohol and drug are common objects of addictions. Often, people with these disorders become so involved with the objects of their addiction that they begin to ignore responsibilities andrelationships.
These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders aredepressionbipolar disorder, andcyclothymic disorder.
Stress response syndromes occur when a person develops emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or situation. The stressors may include natural disasters, such as an earthquake or tornado; events or crises, such as a car accident or the diagnosis of a major illness; or interpersonal problems, such as a orce, death of a loved one, loss of a job, or a problem withsubstance abuse. Stress response syndromes usually begin within three months of the event or situation and ends within six months after the stressor stops or is eliminated.
Factitious disorders are conditions in which a person knowingly and intentionally creates or complains of physical and/or emotional symptoms in order to place the inidual in the role of a patient or a person in need of help.
People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals or routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions. An example is a person with an unreasonable fear of germs who constantly washes his or her hands.
PTSD is a condition that can develop following a traumatic and/or terrifying event, such as a ual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event, and tend to be emotionally numb.
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Differences between feeling depressed or feeling blue.